Sudirsukt- Hymns of a Shudra – The Poems of Revolt against Purusha-Sukta


According to Vedic Brahminical myths, the four Varnas were created through the body of Purusha. The word Purusha is synonyms with male and is contrasted with Prakriti (nature). These philosophical glosses on “Varna (caste) creation” myth is later day interpolation as brought out by Babasaheb Ambedkar in his research work on Vedic texts.

To counteract the modern day “body of Brahma”, former BJP MLA and Bahujan poet from Goa, Vishnu Surya Wagh, wrote poems and they were compiled into Sudirsukt: Hymns of a Shudra. In Konkani, the word for Shudra is Sudir and in the modern day Indian languages it is “Shudra”. So, it is a Shudra Sutra, as opposed to the Brahman Sutra. The book also won the Academy award of Goa and the book was published by Parrikar, who boasts of his Gaud Saraswat Brahmin (GSB) background.

The controversy erupted after four years of the publication of the book and that the book is now vile by the minority GSD in Goa and the Bahujan Goans are at the receiving end of this controversy. The great poet is now paralyzed after a stroke, but his revolutionary consciousness is moving masses about the plights of the majority Shudras in Goa.

Goa is the first state in India which saw the coming of power of the majority of the lower castes through its political mobilisation as “Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party” under the great leadership of Tatya Bandodkar. The poet Wagh was just leading the legacy of now weakened Bahujan movement in Goa.

There are many revolutionary poems in Shudrasukta, but the one that is published in the Indian Express expresses the colour of the revolution that poet Wagh wanted to launch:

It seems Parashuram fired an arrow,

Into the sea and it receded

Repeating this tale year in and year out

They cheated the Bahujan Samaj

Through this lie they wanted to establish

That this land was created by them

You sinners: if you were the first here

Then who were the Mahars. Bhandaris, Kharvis, Pagis,





Who were they?

To make this land fertile

They gave their sweat and blood

Yes, yes:

They are us Sudirs….

We have no swamis

Ad we have no mathas

The sanctum of the temple is closed to us

God lies in your fist

With all your differences you are all one

whether horizontal or vertical

The caste marks on your forehead

That indicates your Mahajanship suit you well

You lean against the temple pillars

While the rath is carried on our shoulders

You can enter the sanctum sanctorum

While we hang around outside

All the prasad is yours by right

In our leaf

For generation after generation

Come pittances

Yes, yes

We are the Sudirs

The great revolutionary Bahujan poet is anti-Brahminism and he is strongly opposed to the present day institutions of the Brahminism that keeps the caste system intact.

Wagh has been openly critical of the caste-oriented social order and right-wing politics. His literature has often reflected this contour of thought.

In his 1998 Marathi play ‘Tuka Abhang Abhang’, which was about the life of 17th-century poet Tukaram, Wagh depicted him being murdered by a group of Brahmin priests. There is also a clear “us” and “them” binary in his poems.

Wagh writes, “Our ancestors… Would speak to their face. Seeing this they began to fear… And they connived to make our ancestors dumb. They built temples, They installed idols, they set up the procedures for performing pujas… They learned how to write the language and slowly, slowly they killed our language.”

Author – Mangesh Dahiwale, edited by Velivada team

Image credit – The Quint

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