UPSC conducts annual exam for the Civil services. It is considered to be the toughest exam in the world but even the finally selected candidate among the top 100 can not claim that they can repeat the same results by another attempt, and hence many candidates also call it a random selection by UPSC and exam attempt is like another shot in the dark .
As per the constitutional mandate, UPSC is required to provide reservation for SC/ST/OBC and PH candidates. As per the norm, 3% seats are reserved for Physically Handicapped (PH) candidates. With the 1099 candidates in the final results, about 33 PH candidates should be in the list of 1099 successful candidates. However, the results show 44 successful PH candidates.
While here is absolutely no problem with 44 successful PH candidates instead of 33 reserved seats. However, the caste diversity in the qualified PH candidates tells the story of a conspiracy in the name of PH selection. Out of 44 qualified candidates, 35 belongs to General category and only 9 belong to OBC category. None of SC/ST candidates is selected in PH category.
So, under the PH category 80% seats are captured by General upper caste category.
Further, discrimination is clearly visible once you enter the marks distribution in PH category for OBC and upper caste candidates (as no SC ST are on the list). On average, PH candidates from OBC are required to have higher written marks and they are given lower interview marks clearly showing the bias against them.
|All PH candidates||General Category||OBC||SC||ST|
|Total Number of candidates||44.0||35.0||9.0||–||–|
|Written Test Marks||781.5||779.4||789.3||–||–|
|Personality Test Marks||163.5||164.7||159.1||–||–|
This is the result when the incidence of physical handicap is significantly higher in SC and ST group. One study base on 2011 census estimates that about 18% SC population and about 15% ST population are physically handicapped as compared to all India average of about 2.5% physically handicapped population.
The clear case of upper caste domination in the name of PH reservation must be stopped and SC/ST/OBC should be given reservation under the PH category itself. The upper caste wants reservation in the name of PH but doesn’t want to provide any reservation within that, although research has proven that the discrimination is much more prevalent within towards SC/ST/OBC group even within PH.
Author – S. Kumar