Can Communism and Democracy Work Together? – Dr Ambedkar’s Views


Communism is like a forest fire, it goes on burning and consuming anything and everything that comes in its way.

The above sentence was used by Babasaheb, he says the greatest problem in international relations, particularly before the free nations of the world is the expansion of communism, in these countries peace is being maintained by partitioning and dismembering of countries, he also says that communist countries are not faithful towards the principle of peace. A vast country like Russia endlessly occupied in destroying other people, absorbing them within its fold on the theory, liberating them it is the liberation followed by servitude, it is not followed by freedom.

The sentence was in the context of peace and justice according to Ambedkar communism and free democracy cannot live together. He says by this kind of peace, we are doing nothing but feeding the giant, every time the giant opens his jaws and wants something to eat. Communism can never be a solution of getting rid of caste system according to me rather than getting rid it will only worsen the problem.

Once Dr Ambedkar called Russian communism a ‘fraud’!

A few more Dr Ambedkar’s quotes on Communism and Communists –

In September 1938 while addressing a district conference of the Depressed Classes at Masur, Dr. Ambedkar categorically caste aside any idea of his joining the labour movement led by the communists. In that speech, he was reported to have declared:

‘It is absolutely impossible for me to keep relations with the communists. I am an implacable enemy of the Communists.’

“Can communism and free democracy work together? Can they live together? Is it possible to hope that there will not be a conflict between them? The theory, at any rate, seems to me utterly absurd, for communism is like a forest fire; it goes on burning and consuming anything and everything that comes in its way. It is quite possible that countries which are far distant from the centre of communism may feel safe that the forest fire may be extinguished before it reaches them or it may be that the fire may never reach them. But what about the countries which are living in the vicinity of this forest fire? Can you expect that human habitation and this forest fire can long live together?” – Dr Ambedkar (BAWS, Vol 15, page 878).

The Communist Party was originally in the hands of some Brahmin boys –  Dange and others. They have been trying to win over the Maratha community and the Scheduled Castes. But they have made no headway in Maharashtra. Why? Because they are mostly a bunch of Brahmin boys. The Russians made a great mistake to entrust the Communist movement in India to them. Either the Russians didn’t want Communism in India – they wanted only drummer boys – or they didn’t understand.”  – Dr B.R. Ambedkar (BAWS Vol-17, Part-1, Page-425)

Dr. B. R. Ambedkar said that his party would not, in any case, align with the Communist Party “for the plain reason that I do not believe in Communism,” – Dr B.R. Ambedkar (BAWS Vol-17  Part-1, Page-406)

What Dr Ambedkar said about Communists & Socialists criticising the Constitution of India

The condemnation of the Constitution largely comes from two-quarters, the Communist Party and the Socialist Party. Why do they condemn the Constitution? Is it because it is really a bad Constitution? I venture to say no’. The Communist Party want a Constitution based upon the principle of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat. They condemn the Constitution because it is based upon parliamentary democracy. The Socialists want two things. The first thing they want is that if they come in power, the Constitution must give them the freedom to nationalize or socialize all private property without payment of compensation. The second thing that the Socialists want is that the Fundamental Rights mentioned in the Constitution must be absolute and without any limitations so that if their Party fails to come into power, they would have the unfettered freedom not merely to criticize, but also to overthrow the State. – Dr. B. R. Ambedkar

  • Nilesh Kumar, edited by Velivada team
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